A water conservancy project is a project built for the purpose of controlling and arranging surface water and groundwater in the natural world to achieve the purpose of eliminating harm and benefiting. Also called water engineering. Water is a precious resource indispensable for human production and life, but its natural state of existence does not fully meet human needs. Only by building water conservancy projects can we control water flow, prevent floods, and adjust and distribute water volume to meet the needs of people for water resources in life and production. Water conservancy projects need to build different types of hydraulic structures such as dams, dikes, spillways, sluices, water inlets, channels, ferry channels, raft channels, and fish channels to achieve their goals.